Peces Criollos - Freshwater Fishes of Argentina Peces Criollos - Freshwater Fishes of Argentina
English  Deutsch  Español 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Gymnotus cuia sp.nov. from Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay

Gymnotus cuia
Gymnotus cuia
 (photo from publication)

new species from Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay:
Gymnotus cuia Craig, Malabarba, Crampton & Albert, 2018

published in:
Craig, J.M., L.R. Malabarba, W.G.R. Crampton & J.S. Albert (2018):
Revision of Banded Knifefishes of the Gymnotus carapo and G. tigre clades (Gymnotidae Gymnotiformes) from the Southern Neotropics.
Zootaxa 4379 (1): 47-73

abstract (from publication):
Banded Knifefishes (Gymnotus, Gymnotidae) comprise the most species-rich, ecologically tolerant (eurytopic), and geographically widespread genus of Neotropical electric fishes (Gymnotiformes), with 40 valid species occupying most habitats and regions throughout the humid Neotropics. Despite substantial alpha-taxonomic work in recent years, parts of the genus remain characterized by taxonomic confusion. Here we describe and delimit species of the G. carapo and G. tigre clades from the southern Neotropics, using body proportions (caliper-based morphometrics), fin-ray, scale and laterosensory-pore counts (meristics), quantitative shape differences (geometric morphometrics), osteology, color patterns and electric organ discharges. We report these data from 174 Gymnotus specimens collected from 100 localities throughout the southern Neotropics, and delimit species boundaries in a multivariate statistical framework. We find six species of the G. carapo clade (G. carapo australisG. cuia n. sp., G. chimarraoG. omarorumG. pantanal, and G. sylvius), and two species of the G. tigre clade (G. inaequilabiatus and G. paraguensis) in the southern Neotropics. The new species G. cuia is readily distinguished from the morphologically similar and broadly sympatric G. c. australis by a shorter head and deeper head and body, and from the morphologically similar and sympatric G. omarorum by fewer lateral-line ventral rami and fewer pored lateral-line scales anterior to the first ventral ramus. We also review the geographic distributions of all eight species of the G. carapo and G. tigre clades in the southern Neotropics, showing that G. cuia is the most widespread species in the region. These results affirm the importance of understanding the structure of variation within and between species, both geographic and ontogenetic, in delimiting species boundaries.

Hypostomus roseopunctatus - first record from Argentina

Megaleporinus piavussu - first record from Argentina

Corydoras longipinnis - first record from Uruguay

Hoplias argentinensis - first record from Uruguay

Odontesthes argentinensis - first record from freshwaters in Argentina

Oligosarcus pintoi - first record from Argentina

Moenkhausia bonita - first record from Paraguay

Potamoglanis johnsoni comb.nov. from Trichomycterus

Schizodon altoparanae - first record from Paraguay

Pinirampus argentina comb.nov. from Megalonema

Farlowella azpelicuetae sp.nov. from Argentina

Jenynsia sulfurica sp.nov. from Argentina

Zungaro jahu - Paulicea gigantea is a jr. synonym

CLOFFAR - update 6

Steindachnerina nigrotaenia - resurrected from synonymy of S. brevipinna

 Powered by ReadSys